Course Information

for Philosophy 205, Fall 1997

Mr. Hugh McDonald's class

Classes are on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 09:40 to 11:00 in Room 306 in St. Vincent's Hall.
I will most likely be in the library from 11:00 to 13:00 if you need to consult with me.
Course Calendar
Attendance and Makeup Assignments
The Paper
Texts and required readings
Go back to First Page of Introduction to Philosophy

Calendar of Classes
Tuesdays Thursdays Tuesdays Thursdays
September 4 September 9September 11
September 16September 18 September 23
Class in Vin. 203
on using Internet
September 25
September 30October 2 October 7October 11
Monday Oct. 13 is Columbus Day
October 14October 16 October 21October 23
Friday Oct. 24 Midterm ends.
October 28October 30 November 4November 6
Friday, November 7: Last day for course withdrawal without permission
November 11 November 13 November 18
November 20
Tuesday, November 25: Thanksgiving begins after Last Class
Monday Dec. 1 classes resume
December 2December 4 December 9December 11
Tuesday, December 16:Examination Week begins
Wednesday, Dec. 17, 14:10-16:00 Phi205 exam
Saturday December 20, Fall Semester Ends

Texts and Readings

The Required Books
Samuel StumpfElementsof Philosophy, 1993 Edition
Thomas Aquinas
edited by J. Vernon Bourke
The Pocket Aquinas
Martin O. Vaske S.JOn Being Human
PlatoThe Phaedo


Mandated Readings
bookPage numbersTopic
On Being Human
The entire book This book is a complete and systematic
treatment of the philosophy of man.
The Phaedo
The entire book This is one of Plato's dialogues.
Socrates tries to move beyond mythological
explanations to a philosophical exposition
of the human soul.
The Elements of Philosophy
pp. 5-11 An example of the Socratic Method
of dialogue, feigned ignorance, definition.
pp. 251-267 Theory of Knowledge - Plato's Allegory of the Cave
pp. 261-267 Descartes and the Methodic Doubt
pp. 304-308 Immanuel Kant -- the apriori conditions of knowledge.
pp. 314-320 William James and Pragmatism
p. 355 Thomas Aquinas on the relation
of natural reason and grace.
Elements of Philosophy
pp. 358-360 William James and the Will to Believe
pp. 362-367 Bertrand Russell on Agnosticism
p. 375 St. Anselm of Canterbury and
his argument for the existence of God
pp. 379-381 Aquinas and his Five Ways
of showing the existence of God
pp. 382-389 William Paley and the Argument from Design
for God's existence
pp. 414-419 Aristotle and the Four Causes
Elements of Philosophy
pp. 424-429 Lucretius and Atomism
pp. 429-432 Eddington on Atoms
pp. 440-446 Berkeley denies the reality of matter
pp. 454-455 Descartes on relation of Mind/Body
pp. 474-478 Kierkegaard and Death
pp. 471-474 Hume's Denial of Personal Immortality
The Pocket Aquinas
ed. J. Vernon Bourke
pp. 23-35 Intellectual Meaning and Vocal Signs
Man's Knowledge of His Own Soul
How the Human Intellect is Known
On Knowing God
Demonstrative Science
Knowledge of First Principles
Indemonstrable Propositions
Sensory Induction to First Principles
pp. 61-78Principles, Causes and Natural Generation
The Pocket Aquinas
ed. J. Vernon Bourke
pp. 97-142 Defining Soul; Psychic Powers of Man;
Man's Soul and its Potencies; Volitional Activity and Necessity
Free Choice; Union of Soul and Body; Incorruptibility of the Human Soul
pp. 152-177 Being, Essence and the Act of Existing;
The Act of Being; Natures - individual or universal?;
God's existence demonstrated from motion; God as cause of existing; Being as One True and Good;
Analogy; Potency and Act; Four Causes
pp. 232-235Society, Liberty and Government

Attendance Policy

Each absence will result in a deductin of two numeric grade points (out of 100), up to 30 grade points. This policy begins on the second day of class. These demerit points can be redeemed by writing a short paper of 1 to 2 typed pages. The topic of the make-up paper will be decided by the instructor (myself), and will be posted on this page, with a make-up topic assigned for each date.

Make up Assignments for Absence

Tuesday September 9th - What is the relation of Wisdom and Science? Two typed pages, use readings from Pocket Aquinas, p. 28-29, and at least on other annotated source.

Thursday September 11th - What is a principle? Library research. Two typed pages. Annotate your sources.

Tuesday September 16th - What are the Four Causes according to Aristotle? Two typed pages.

Thursday September 18th - What are the First Principles of Reason? Two typed pages.(See First Principles in New Catholic Encyclopedia, or Laws of Reason in Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Tuesday Sept 23rd - Who controls the Internet? (1 page typed - research)

Thursday Sept 26th - What are the various ways to define things? ("Definition" - use library resources, Two typed pages)

Tuesday Sept 30th - What are various logical fallacies - two typed pages

Thursday October 2nd - Describe Analogy, Univocity and Equivocity - 2 typed pages
Tuesday October 7th - What is Nominalism? - 2 typed pages
Thursday October 9th - Distinguish Act and Potency - 2 typed pages
Tuesday October 14th - Distinguish Substance and Accidents - 2 typed pages
Thursday October 16th - Distinguish Essence and Existence - 2 typed pages
Tuesday October 21 - test - no attendance
Thursday October 23 - attendance not taken
Tuesday October 28 - what is teleology? - 2 typed pages
Thursday October 30 - what is the common or unitive sense? - 2 typed pages
Tuesday November 4 - Compare the estimative sense in animals to the particular reason in humans - 2 typed pages
Thursday November 6 - Concupiscible and Irascible appetite - 2 typed pages
Tuesday November 11 - The ultimate object of the human will - 2 typed pages
Thursday November 13 - The immateriality of the human intellect -2 typed pages
Tuesday November 18 - PAPER DUE
Thursday November 20 - St. Anselm's proof for the existence of God - 2 typed pages
Tuesday, November 25: - Mindmap diagram of Thomas' 5 proofs of existence of God - 1 large page
December 2 - Transcendental concepts - Being, One, Thing, Something
December 4 - Transcendental concepts - Good, True, Beautiful
December 9 - Empiricism and Positivism
December 11 - NO DEMERIT FOR ABSENCE - review

The Paper

The Paper is worth 20% of the total mark. It must be 7 to 10 typed pages. The paper must substantially incorporate original texts found in the readings. I do not require a bibliography, but all citations must be fully annotated. This means that you must mention the author, the title of the work, the year of publication, the page numbers. If you use a citation from Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas or another philosopher, do not merely cite the page number of a collection, but include the name of the original work from which it is drawn. For example:

We may find in Aquinas' political theory a form of government not unlike that of a modern democratic state:
Indeed,such is the best polity, formed by a good mixture of kingship, in the sense that one person is the chief, and aristocracy, in the sense that many men rule according to virtue, and democracy (that is, the power of the people), in the sense that leaders can be elected from among the populace, and further, that the choice of the ruler belongs to the people.[3]
Although the citation mentions "kingship", a monarch is simply the single ruler, and an elected president could be considered a king for the sake of this argument. The "aristocracy" could correspond to such a body as the U.S. Senate which is elected, or the Canadian Senate, whose senators are appointed for life. It could also refer to the bureaucracy, wherein indeed all positions are achieved solely by merit.


3. Thomas Aquinas, Summa of Theology,I-II, 105, 1, c., in Bourke, p. 235.